by Douglas Wade
Since I have been doing the newsletter and the website, I’ve noticed how some of the photo submissions do not include important metadata. When I upload the images to the website, if the creator metadata is missing, the website gives me the photo credit. Thank you, I would love to take credit for the images, however, you should be credited. For the newsletter, I have to manually add this missing information. When everyone adds their own metadata before sharing their images, the easier and more actuate the proper credit will be.
So what is metadata?
There are a few types of metadata, EXIF and IPTC are the most common.
EXIF stands for ‘Exchangeable Image File Format’. It was developed by the Japanese Electronics Industry Development Association (JEIDA) in an effort to simplify and standardize the exchange of data between imaging devices and software. The type of information collected in a file varies by the camera but it can include such things as date and time a photo was taken, resolution, and camera settings used for the shot. Lots of camera/image information is collected.
However, since your camera does not know you or what you want to do, there are other metadata types that allow you to add descriptive information. This metadata might include your name, copyright information, caption, title, and keywords just to name a few.
Two of the most commonly used expanded metadata formats are IPTC and XMP.
IPTC is the standard developed in the 1970’s by the ‘International Press Telecommunications Council’. It was initially developed as a standard for exchanging information between news organizations and has evolved over time.
XMP developed by Adobe in 2001. Adobe worked with the IPTC to incorporate the old “IPTC headers” into the new XMP framework. XMP is an open-source, public standard, making it easier for developers to adopt the specification in third-party software. It is what is used in Photoshop today.
To see the metadata in Lightroom, go to the Library Module, Metadata Panel and click on the pull down which will list the metadata collections.
I use Quick Describe. It has the information that I am interested in adding as I process my images. I add most of my metadata during import, (I use an import preset and add unique keywords), so I do not need to type much per image. Usually, I only need to add the Title and Caption. I use this metadata when exporting images to my blog.
Go to File > File Info. See from the image below, both Photoshop and Lightroom allow you to edit the same metadata. Different collections can use different nomenclature. For example, in Lightroom the Creator is used for the photographer’s name and in Photoshop Basic panel it is called Author. If you change from Basic panel to IPTC panel in Photoshop, the nomenclature is Creator.
Photo Sharing and Metadata Fears
With photo sharing on social networks like Facebook and Twitter, there have been reports that your personal information such as location GPS info is being shared. These fears are generally unfounded since all the major social networks strip out personal metadata including location information or GPS coordinates.
Add Metadata for LPA
I would like those that contribute photographs for either the newsletter and/or website to include this important data. In your workflow, make sure you have added the following metadata nomenclature: Creator (your name), Title (image name), and Copyright (year) to your submitted images.